Archealogy prehistoric dating methods
Archaeology is the study of the human culture through investigation of material traces (artifacts, food remains, features, structures, etc.) and their relationships in space and time, combined with other forms of historical information (texts, oral traditions, etc.) when available.
Drawing on a wide range of explanatory theory and rigorous methodologies, archaeologists use material records of human activities to better understand human technological, economic, social, and cultural evolution from the deep past (Lower Paleolithic) to the present.
Behavioral change was likely a driving factor in the evolution of our species, and archaeology therefore plays a central role in understanding human origins from the beginning of the known archaeological record some 2.5 million years ago.
An archaeologist must know the different between an artifact and a fossil.
This is very important because archaeologists do not look for fossils.
The term UP was traditionally applied to Eurasia and LSA to Africa, but during the same period, artifacts first appear in Australia and the Americas.
Many UP/LSA industries show stone tool-making traditions of manufacturing blades (flakes twice as long as wide) or microliths, small barbs used to tip arrows.
Equally important to the archaeologist are contextual clues that are often learned only through painstakingly careful excavation.